|"From the Habsburg (Spanish: Hapsburg) succession, on, Spain became the leading butcher of European civilization, the later model of reference for the development of the Martinist freemasonic cult in France, and the object of nostalgic reference for Spanish-speaking fascists around the world still today."|
|From "Religion and National Security: The Threat from Terrorist Cults" by Lyndon H. LaRouche, Jr., in "Children of Satan II: The Beast-Men", Jan. 2004|
Charles II, the product of generations of inbreeding, was unable to rule and remained childless. The line of Spanish Habsburgs came to an end at his death. Charles VI (r. 1711-40) was the last Holy Roman emperor of the direct Hapsburg line. In 1700 he was designated successor in Spain to King Charles II. On his deathbed, however, Charles II left his throne to his nephew, Philip of Anjou (Philip V), grandson of King Louis XIV of France, in the face of counterclaims by Archduke Charles of Austria, who was supported by England and the Netherlands, was the proximate cause of the "War of the Spanish Succession" (1702-14), the first "world war" fought by European powers. Philip was proclaimed king in 1700.
Siding with England and the Netherlands, Leibniz wrote in 1703 his "Manifesto for the Defense of the Rights of Charles III" to defend the rights of the House of Hapsburg to the throne of Spain against the French Bourbon. In his Manifesto, Leibniz demonstrated his legal ability in a long proof of the illegality of the will of Charles II, to which he added an extremely effective, if somewhat exaggerated, account of French manners and morals, designed to prove that Spain would be ruined by the atheism and libertinism of France.
Leibniz's fav Charles, with the aid of British troops, invaded Spain and proclaimed himself king as "Charles III" in 1704, where he was able to maintain himself only in Catalonia, with his capital at Barcelona. In 1705 an Anglo-Austrian force landed in Spain. The Treaty of Utrecht (1713) brought the war to a close and recognized the Bourbon succession in Spain on the condition that Spain and France would never be united under the same crown. The Spanish Netherlands (which become known as the Austrian Netherlands and later as Belgium) and Spain's Italian possessions, however, reverted to the Austrian Habsburgs. Britain retained Gibraltar and Minorca, seized during the war, and received trade concessions in Spanish America. Spain emerged from the war with its internal unity and colonial empire intact, but with its political position in Europe weakened.
Worth reading is this larouchian internal row on this question, in Spainís Carlos III and The American System by William F. Wertz, Jr. and Cruz del Carmen Moreno de Cota:
Bourbon Charles "Carlos" III of Spain (r. 1759-88) was Spain's enlightened despot par excellence. He was one of Europe's most active patrons of the Enlightenment. The principles of the Enlightenment which had come from Prance, tended to allow religious toleration, freedom of speech and the press, and the right to hold private property. Most fostered the arts, sciences, and education (not from Leibniz! Who is twisting History?). Charles "Carlos" III shared these ideals with other enlightened monarchs of the 18th century, including Maria Theresa of Austria, her son Joseph, and Catherine II of Russia (the Great).
However, according to LaRouche, the Enlightenment is an eevil British operation. This is why Wertz et al. "twist" historical facts by portraying Bourbon Carlos III as "leibnizian", not as "enlightened". But this is another story...